Organic cotton fabric is made from cotton that has been organically grown and certified by GOTS as being organic cotton.
Organic cotton is cotton that is supplied strictly from growers and spinners that have received Soil Association or similar international equivalent such as GOTS (Global Organic Textile Standards). In order for textiles goods to be described as “organic” dyers, weavers/knitters and garment manufacturers all need to have certifiably environmentally friendly production processes. S Dawes Weaving Ltd are certified Weavers and are holders of the relevant GOTS certificates.
How much organic cotton is grown globally?
The UK’s leading certifier of organic products to Global Organic Textiles Standards (GOTS), saw the turnover of its 73 textile symbol holders increase by 36% in 2013. Much of this growth was export-led, but the UK market for organic cotton is estimated to have grown by around 10%.
Current estimates for world production are about 25 million tonnes or 110 million bales annually, accounting for 2.5% of the world’s arable land. China is the world’s largest producer of cotton, but most of this is used domestically. The United States has been the largest exporter for many years. In the United States, cotton is usually measured in bales, which measure approximately 0.48 cubic metres (17 cubic feet) and weigh 226.8 kilograms (500 pounds). Companies reported significant growth of their organic cotton programs, and increased adoption of standards addressing organic product traceability and sustainable textile processing.
Farmers, traders, retailers and consumers all benefit from the economic, social and ecological advantages of organic cotton projects.
Benefits to Producers
Organic production ensures that soil fertility is maintained or improved. Severe pest infestation is prevented by maintaining a natural balance between potential pests and their natural enemies.
In organic production systems, farming input costs are considerably lower, since most of the inputs are produced from local resources at farm level (compost, manure, natural pesticides). The exposure to dangerous chemicals is reduced leading to better health of all the farmers, weavers, knitters, dyers, printers and everybody else involved at all stages of manufacturing including small things like final washing and stain removal.
Benefits to Consumers
- Very Soft
- Breathable More absorbent than conventional cotton
- Friendly to the skin
- No harmful chemicals involved in its production
- Hypoallergenic – can be worn by people with chemical sensitivities
- Minimal shrinkage
- Easy to clean
- Do good for the environment
- Have a positive impact on the producers livelihoods